Heartburn and related issues like gas and bloating during pregnancy usually start in the second or third trimester, but it can be sooner for some women. The discomfort will probably come and go until your baby is born.
Women who gain too much weight during pregnancy might continue to have heartburn for up to a year after having their baby.
Some of the hormonal and physical changes in your body during pregnancy can cause heartburn, (also called acid indigestion or acid reflux.) starts behind your breastbone and travels up your esophagus, a tube connecting your throat to your stomach.
Some women have occasional heartburn throughout the pregnancy. Some experience worsening symptoms as the baby grows.Which hormone is responsible for pregnancy-related heartburn?
progesterone, also called the “pregnancy hormone” because it nurtures your womb and the baby inside it, is the leading culprit behind pregnancy-related heartburn.
Progesterone acts as a muscle relaxer. In the case of heartburn, the hormone can loosen the tight muscle (called the lower esophageal valve) that closes your stomach off from your esophagus.
When you eat or drink, the muscle normally opens to let contents into the stomach before shutting tightly. But the surging progesterone levels that occur during pregnancy can make that muscle slack, allowing stomach acid to backflow up your esophagus and even into your throat.
As the uterus expands with your growing baby, it competes for space with some of your other organs. Like a tube of toothpaste being squeezed, your growing uterus places pressure on your stomach, making it more likely stomach acids will spill out ― especially if your stomach is full.
Though you may not be able to avoid the condition entirely, here are some ways to prevent it and minimize any discomfort. although it's common and generally harmless, it can be quite uncomfortable. The more your uterus grows, the more likely your stomach will get squeezed. This may help explain why heartburn is more common as you progress through pregnancy.
Few important tips to overcome heartburn and acid
reflux during pregnancy:
- Avoid food and drinks that upset your stomach -These include carbonated drinks, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, mustard, vinegar, mint products, processed meats, and foods that are fatty, spicy, fried, or highly seasoned.
- Eat small meals - Instead of three large meals, eat several small ones throughout the day. Take your time eating and chew thoroughly.
- Drink water in between meals. It's important to drink plenty of water during pregnancy, but too much liquid can distend your stomach. Stay hydrated by drinking most of your water in between meals. Avoid drinking too much water while eating.
- Eat two or three hours before bedtime. This gives your body time to digest before you lie down.
- Sleep propped up. Elevate your upper body by about 6 inches with several pillows or a wedge when you sleep. This helps stomach acid stay down and aids digestion.
- Dress comfortably. Wear loose, relaxed clothing. Don't wear tight clothes around your waist and tummy.
- Ask your provider about heartburn medicines. An antacid that contains magnesium or calcium may ease discomfort. Check with your provider before taking one because some brands are high in sodium or contain aluminum or aspirin.
- You can talk to your health care provider to prescribe heartburn medication that is safe during pregnancy.. story
- Don't smoke. In addition to contributing to serious health problems, smoking boosts the acid in the stomach. story
- keeping a food log and eliminating any triggering foods from the diet.
- eating fewer acidic, fatty, or fried foods
- reducing caffeine consumption.
- Avoid gaining more weight than necessary for a healthy pregnancy.
- sleep on your left side
There are lots of ideas and solutions for heartburns and acid reflux are circulating through the internet. Do not follow any home remedies without consulting your OB/GYN. We might not know if the home remedies are safe during pregnancy and for your developing baby.