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Vaccination schedule for babies in India | Painful vs painless vaccination and their cost | What is vaccination? ! Are vaccinations really necessary?


What is vaccination?

Vaccination is a process of injecting inactive disease-causing micro-organisms or any microbes which are in a weakened state. It helps in making our immune system stronger and helps in improving our immunity.

How do vaccines work?

When a disease-causing virus or bacteria is injected into our system, the immune system will analyze the invaded bacteria or virus and will send signals to anti-bodies for taking necessary action against the invaders. These antibodies will fight against these invaders and remove those bacteria or viruses from the human system.

What happens inside our body after vaccination?

After getting injected with vaccine i.e. weakened or inactive virus or bacteria. Even in their inactive state, they produce antigens to produce harm to our bodies. These antigens will then trigger the antibodies from the immune system.

These antibodies from our immune system will keep multiplying to form an army to destroy these bacteria or viruses. Our immune system will take about 12 to 14 days to build this army to fight and destroy the foreign invaders completely.

All these processes that happened with destroying this bacteria or virus will be stored in B-cells which are also called memory cells.

Why is vaccination very important and what is the use of vaccination?

Vaccination will provide training to our immune system to know how to react spontaneously when any bacteria or virus invade inside our body. Our immune system will use the stored information of all previous activities made to destroy the invaders from memory cells.

Now, when the same bacteria or virus enters our body, the immune system will recognize and will be readily available to attack them.

The immune system will send the antibodies to kill the bacteria or virus without giving any chance to them to attack our healthy cells and will complete its work very faster without getting us sick. So, vaccination will prepare our immune system beforehand to fight against and kill the deadly disease-causing organisms very quickly.

What are the side effects of vaccination?

Fever and swelling at the injected area are the only major side effects after vaccination. Fever is the result of our immune system fighting against the virus or bacteria.
Do not rub the injected after vaccination. There is no need to rub after injection.
Do not keep ice or hot bag on the injected area if there is any swelling. It will disappear in the next few days.

Painful vaccination vs painless vaccination:

A painless vaccination is given by a  DTaP vaccine containing “acellular pertussis”  which will have fewer side effects like less pain, less or no fever and less or no swelling at the injected area. Some babies do not get any of these side effects. These side effects mainly depend on some costlier brands. Higher the cost, fewer side effects.

A painful vaccination is given by a DTP vaccine which is very powerful and produces side effects like high fever, consistent pain and swelling at the injected area for several days.

It should be noted that both the vaccinations will get the same job done but the immune response is far better with painful vaccination.

Painful vaccination is cheaper than the painless one. Nowadays, there are very few manufacturers for these painful vaccinations. Painful vaccination is going to become extinct soon.

Painless vaccinations are very costlier and not everyone can afford it. This type of vaccinations is being manufactured and marketed solely for money.

Some pediatricians do not opt for painless one and use only the older version (painful vaccination). Even they are targeted to use the costlier one (painless vaccination) because the manufacturing of painless vaccines is completely stopped and they also got banned in some countries…

Vaccination chart or Indian Academy of Pediatric Schedule:


Birth -  BCG
                OPV 0
                HEP-B1

6 Weeks - DTwP1
                      IPV 1
                      Hep-B2
                      Hib 1
                      Rotavirus 1
                      PCV 1

10 Weeks - Dtwp 2
                        IPV 2
                        Hib 2
                        Rotavirus 2
                        PCV 2

14 Weeks - DTwP 3
                        IPV 3
                       Hib 3
                       Rotavirus 3
                       PCV 3

6 Months - OPV 1
                       Hep-B3

9 Months - OPV 2
                       MMR 1

9 TO 12 Months - Typhoid
                                    Conjugate vaccine

12 Months - Hep- A1

15 Months - MMR 2
                         Varicella 1
                         PCV booster

16 TO 18 Months - DTwP B1/DTaP B1
                                       IPV B1
                                       Hib B1

18 Months - Hep - A 2

2 Years - Typhoid booster

4 TO 6 Years - DTwP B2/DTaP B2
                              OPV 3
                              Varicella 2
                              Typhoid booster

10 TO 12 Years - Tdap/Td
                                   HPV (Cancer cervix)

How much do painless and painful vaccines cost in India?

Painless  - (DTaP-IPV/HiB) - ₹2100
                 (PCV) -                     ₹3800
                 (rotavirus) -            ₹1300
                  Total :                     ₹7200

Some brands will cost higher than the above-mentioned price.
The after-effects will be fewer in painless.

Painful - The maximum amount for this type is below ₹2000.

Should you give fever drops after vaccination?

Yes… It is a must to give fever drops or paracetamol drops after getting your child vaccinated. Some of the pediatricians will not prescribe medicines saying that the painless vaccines will not produce fever. But, it is not like that. Painless ones also give fever to your child (From my experience). 

So, ask your doctor to write the prescription and give fever drops immediately after going home. There is no need for any second thought about giving fever drops. It doesn’t interfere with vaccination.

If your baby is not able to handle the temperature, then you can give a towel bath by adding eucalyptus oil in the water. This will provide some relief to your child.

NOTE: Do not give additional vaccines even if pediatricians advice or recommend to administer to your child. These are marketing gimmicks to make money. There is no need for additional vaccines for your child other than the mandatory ones.

             

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